Child Welfare

Call to Action # 2
Publish annual child welfare reports: Indigenous vs Non-Indigenous
Jan. 31, 2020 – No action in almost two years. Government announced “Developing a data and reporting strategy with provinces, territories and Indigenous partners” as part of the six-point action plan at an Emergency Chid Welfare meeting held on Jan. 25 – 26, 2018 scheduled by the Minister of Indigenous Services. The commitment was re-affirmed on Government update of April, 8, 2019. Still no details on timelines, targets, process etc.
Also, the response focuses on First Nations and to a lesser degree the Métis and does not address the specific needs of the Inuit.
Call to Action # 3
Fully implement Jordan’s Principle
On Sept. 2, 2021 the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada petitioned the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal that Canada was incompliant with a previous order to fund First Nations Child and Family Services Agencies and Jordan’s Principle; federal government “conditioned its consent” for the Class Action lawsuit; the Manitoba government also launched a court case seeking to clarify the legal obligations of the federal and provincial governments around Jordan’s Principle


Call to Action # 6
Repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code
No commitment to repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code. Efforts to date are focused on education and raising awareness on issues with spanking.
Call to Action # 8
Eliminate discrepancy in education funding for on-reserve vs off-reserve
In three updates dating back to March 2018, there is still no mention of funding for off-reserve education. On Jan. 21, 2019, the government of Canada and the AFN announced a new policy and funding approach for First Nations K-12 education on reserve to take effect as of April 1, 2019
Call to Action # 9
Prepare and publish annual education reports: Indigenous vs non-Indigenous
Latest public report is for the 2016 – 2017 fiscal year. Report does not address federal funding for schools off reserve vs on reserve nor educational and income attainments for Indigenous vs non-Indigenous peoples.
Call to Action # 10
Draft Indigenous education legislation with full engagement of Indigenous people
No specific action on developing Aboriginal Education Legislation other than a $3.6M budget allocation for “community-level discussions”. Government response refers to policy “proposal” and a policy “framework”, not legislative action. Also, still no mention of off-reserve or specific needs of Metis and Inuit.
Call to Action # 12
Develop culturally appropriate early childhood programs for Indigenous families
National Progress Report on Early Learning and Childcare (Aug, 2019) provides details on how provinces are investing federal funds to implement the program. BC, Ontario, Nunavut, Northwest Territories and the Yukon were the only provinces and/or territories that provided any details specific to Indigenous initiatives

Education for Reconciliation

Call to Action # 62
Consultations on Indigenous education reform: curriculum content, funding
Multiple initiatives in all provinces and territories on mandatory K-12 curriculum development to integrate Indigenous history and culture. Ontario has reneged on this commitment and made this C2A optional. Alberta K-4 curriculum update recommends eliminating all reference to residential schools and “equity”

Language and Culture

Call to Action # 14
Enact and Indigenous Languages Act
Bill C-91, “An Act respecting Indigenous Languages” received Royal assent on June 21, 2019. The AFN and Métis National Council support the bill but the Inuit Tapariit Kanatami, the national advocacy voice of Canada’s Inuit did not see many of their recommendations incorporated into the Languages Act, thereby leaving Inuktuk, their “national” language with less protection than English or French in their own territory
Call to Action # 17
Enable residential school survivors to reclaim Indigenous names
As of Sept. 15, 2019only the Federal government, the NWT and the provinces of Ontario and Nova Scotia have agreed.


Call to Action # 18
Recognize and implement healthcare rights of Indigenous peoples
First Nations, Métis and Inuit have had major issues with the federal government and a majority of the provinces (BC, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Newfoundland and Labrador) around systemic racism in health delivery as well as health impacts due to “essential” infrastructure projects being allowed to continue on Indigenous territories during COVID-19
Call to Action # 19
Establish measurable goals to identify and close health gaps
Measurable goals have not yet been identified although the Federal government is working with First Nations Information Governance Centre to leverage the First Nations Regional Health Survey, the Métis on a Métis Heath Strategy and the Inuit on an Inuit Health Strategy. The Inuit Tuberculosis Elimination Framework has developed regional action plans to eliminate TB.
Call to Action # 20
Address distinct health needs of Métis, Inuit and off-reserve First Nations
Federal Government is working through the Canada Métis Nation Accord and the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee to address the distinct health needs of Métis and Inuit and explicitly includes Métis and Inuit off-reserve health needs even though Métis and Inuit do not live on reserve. Only First Nations do and the off-reserve needs of First Nations are not explicitly acknowledged or addressed. Federal funding for shelters for women and children fleeing violence address First Nations and Métis but excludes the Inuit


Call to Action # 25
Affirm independence of RCMP from government in civil litigation
Response “reaffirmed” independence of RCMP through a “Mandate letter” and not through any official statute or policy other than reference to “pursuant to section 5 of the “Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act” and an existing protocol “Principals to Implement Legal Advice on the Listing and Inspection of Royal Canadian Mounted Police Documents in Civil Litigation”. Deletion of “from the executive branch” in April 8, 2019 update eliminates the specificity that this C2A asks for.
Call to Action # 30
Commit to eliminate overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody
There is no national strategy to monitor and report on progress in eliminating the over-representation of Indigenous people in custody. There are no official reports. Indigenous incarceration rates have increased 52.1% since April 2010. Capacity Building Fund of Aboriginal Justice Program is no longer accepting applications despite significant success of the program in reducing recidivism.
Incarceration rates for Indigenous people: 
2015 = 24.4%     2016 = 25%       2017 = 26.4% 2020 = 30.04%
Call to Action # 32
Amend Criminal Code to depart from mandatory minimum sentences
Bill C-22 “An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act“ died with the dissolution of parliament due to the federal election.
Call to Action # 41
Appoint public inquiry into MMIWG
June 3, 2021 – The federal government’s MMIWG Action Plan is widely panned by a majority of Indigenous women’s advocacy groups for its lad of substantive details, timelines or budget: Ontario Native Women’s Association (not invited to participate), Québec Native Women, Union of BC Indian Chiefs, Chair in Indigenous Governance at Ryerson University, Feminist Alliance for International Action, BC Union of Indian Chiefs and Marion Bullard, former lead Commissioner of the MMIWG Inquiry  ALL find the government’s Action Plan too general and deficient in details.

Royal Proclamation and Covenant of Reconciliation

Call to Action # 46
Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation to advance reconciliation
Nothing specific in federal government’s official response other than general statements in support of i, ii, and iv. iii – Bill C-262 An Act to harmonize laws with UNDRIP dies in the Senate. (See C2A # 43) Does not address v and vi at all. The Church Parties to the Settlement Agreement have made multiple commitments to items i. – iv. Federal government formally repudiates the Doctrine of Discovery and Terra Nullius in C2A # 47. No timeline identified for development of a Covenant of Reconciliation for signature.

National Council for Reconciliation

Call to Action # 53
Enact legislation to establish a National Council for Reconciliation
As of Dec. 31, 2020 the federal government has issued no new announcements on the National Council since the interim board delivered their Final Report to Minister Carolyn Bennett on June 12, 2018 other than the funding announcement in Budget 2019
Call to Action # 54
Provide multi-year funding to sustain National Council for Reconciliation
As of Dec. 31, 2020 the federal government has issued no new announcements on the National Council since the interim board delivered their Final Report to Minister Carolyn Bennett on June 12, 2018 other than the funding announcement in Budget 2019

Church Apologies and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 58
Apology from the pope to Catholic Church residential school survivors
The pope officially refused to apologize in a formal letter delivered by the president of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops on March 27, 2018. The federal government has pledged to continue working on this.

Missing Children and Burial Information

Call to Action # 71
Deliver residential school death records to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
As of 2014, as stated in “Honoring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future, Summary of the Final report of the TRC (July 23, 2015) Chief Coroners in Ontario, Saskatchewan, NWT, Manitoba and Nova Scotia responded to the Commission’s request for records. in addition to the office in British Columbia, vital statistics offices in Alberta, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon, and Nunavut had responded to the Commission’s request for records for the National Residential School Student Death Register

National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 78
$10M funding for NCTR + $10M for communities for reconciliation
No commitment or response to request for $10M funding for community initiatives.

Sports and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 87
Provide public education to tell national stories of Indigenous athletes
Response only refers to the two most recent Indigenous inductees without referencing how the Tom Longboat Awards, launched to celebrate the outstanding contributions of Indigenous athletes to sports in Canada, can be leveraged to provide “public education”. Little detail at provincial, territory or sports organizational level.

Business and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 92
Adopt UNDRIP as a reconciliation framework to apply to policy and operations
Business Council of Canada, the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, Conference Board of Canada, Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships (CCPPP) and numerous business associations have all made recommendations or commitments aligned with C2A 92. Very little follow-up activity especially in response to the number of Indigenous protests across the country in relation to Free, Prior and Informed Consent, Duty to Consult, environmental impacts etc.

Newcomers to Canada

Call to Action # 93
Revise information kit for citizenship test to include Indigenous content
After almost two years, the federal government is still struggling to announce the completion of the revised Citizenship Guide. Federal Government announced on July 24, 2017 that they had developed a “draft” version of a new study guide for the citizenship exam integrating indigenous content based on discussions with the Assembly of First Nations, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and the Métis National Council, as well as Indigenous historians.
Call to Action Themes#Which specific Calls to Action have “Stalled”?
Legacy C2A17 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, 30, 32, 41, 62
Reconciliation C2A9 46, 53, 54, 58, 71, 78, 87, 92, 93