Child Welfare

Call to Action # 2
Publish annual child welfare reports: Indigenous vs Non-Indigenous
Jan. 31, 2020 – No action in almost two years. Government announced “Developing a data and reporting strategy with provinces, territories and Indigenous partners” as part of the six-point action plan at an Emergency Chid Welfare meeting held on Jan. 25 – 26, 2018 scheduled by the Minister of Indigenous Services. The commitment was re-affirmed on Government update of April, 8, 2019. Still no details on timelines, targets, process etc.
Also, the response focuses on First Nations and to a lesser degree the Métis and does not address the specific needs of the Inuit.
Call to Action # 3
Fully implement Jordan’s Principle
No consistency across all jurisdictions including a lack of tripartite agreements with First Nations by a number of provinces. Canada also excluding non-status First Nations children living off reserve from Jordan’s Principle and is still not extending coverage. Also neglects to mention Métis.


Call to Action # 6
Repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code
No commitment to repeal Section 43 of the Criminal Code. Efforts to date are focused on education and raising awareness on issues with spanking.
Call to Action # 8
Eliminate discrepancy in education funding for on-reserve vs off-reserve
In three updates dating back to March 2018, there is still no mention of funding for off-reserve education.
Call to Action # 9
Prepare and publish annual education reports: Indigenous vs non-Indigenous
Latest public report is for the 2016 – 2017 fiscal year. Report does not address federal funding for schools off reserve vs on reserve nor educational and income attainments for Indigenous vs non-Indigenous peoples.
Call to Action # 10
Draft Indigenous education legislation with full engagement of Indigenous people
No specific action on developing Aboriginal Education Legislation other than a $3.6M budget allocation for “community-level discussions”. Government response refers to policy “proposal” and a policy “framework”, not legislative action. Also, still no mention of off-reserve or specific needs of Metis and Inuit.
Call to Action # 12
Develop culturally appropriate early childhood programs for Indigenous families
National Progress Report on Early Learning and Childcare (Aug, 2019) provides details on how provinces are investing federal funds to implement the program. BC, Ontario, Nunavut, Northwest Territories and the Yukon were the only province and/or territory that provided any details specific to Indigenous initiatives

Education for Reconciliation

Call to Action # 62
Consultations on Indigenous education reform: curriculum content, funding
Multiple initiatives in all provinces and territories on mandatory K-12 curriculum development to integrate Indigenous history and culture; Ontario has reneged on this commitment and made this C2A optional

Language and Culture

Call to Action # 14
Enact and Indigenous Languages Act
Bill C-91, “An Act respecting Indigenous Languages” received Royal assent on June 21, 2019. The AFN and Métis National Council support the bill but the Inuit Tapariit Kanatami, the national advocacy voice of Canada’s Inuit did not see many of their recommendations incorporated into the Languages Act, thereby leaving Inuktuk, their “national” language with less protection than English or French in their own territory.
Call to Action # 17
Enable residential school survivors to reclaim Indigenous names
As of Sept. 15, 2019, only the Federal government, the NWT and the provinces of Ontario and Nova Scotia have agreed.


Call to Action # 18
Recognize and implement healthcare rights of Indigenous peoples
Although federal government has formally acknowledged that federal government policies and actions have had a direct negative impact on Indigenous health, not all provincial and territory governments have formally acknowledged the damaging effects of previous government policies on Indigenous health and especially the fundamental rights embedded in international law, constitutional law and under the Treaties”.
Call to Action # 19
Establish measurable goals to identify and close health gaps
Measurable goals have not yet been identified although the Federal government is working with First Nations Information Governance Centre to leverage the First Nations Regional Health Survey, the Métis on a Métis Heath Strategy and the Inuit on an Inuit Health Strategy. The Inuit Tuberculosis Elimination Framework has developed regional action plans to eliminate TB.
Call to Action # 20
Address distinct health needs of Métis, Inuit and off-reserve First Nations
Federal Government is working through the Canada Métis Nation Accord and the Inuit-Crown Partnership Committee to address the distinct health needs of Métis and Inuit and explicitly includes Métis and Inuit off-reserve health needs even though Métis and Inuit do not live on reserve. Only First Nations do and the off-reserve needs of First Nations are not explicitly acknowledged or addressed.


Call to Action # 25
Affirm independence of RCMP from government in civil litigation
Response “reaffirmed” independence of RCMP through a “Mandate letter” and not through any official statute or policy other than reference to “pursuant to section 5 of the “Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act” and an existing protocol “Principals to Implement Legal Advice on the Listing and Inspection of Royal Canadian Mounted Police Documents in Civil Litigation”. Deletion of “from the executive branch” in April 8, 2019 update eliminates the specificity that this C2A asks for.
Call to Action # 30
Commit to eliminate overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in custody
Government response acknowledges the negative impacts of colonialism and denial of aboriginal rights but evades question of Indigenous systems of justice as part of the solution to overrepresentation. Changing “fall under the jurisdiction of federal and provincial governments” to “fall in coordination with federal and provincial governments does not acknowledge that Aboriginal systems of justice pre-dated first contact. No reports available yet. Capacity Building Fund of Aboriginal Justice Program is no longer accepting applications despite significant success of the program in reducing recidivism.
Incarceration rates for Indigenous people: 
2015 = 24.4%     2016 = 25%       2017 = 26.4%
Call to Action # 32
Amend Criminal Code to depart from mandatory minimum sentences
The mandate letter to current Minister of Justice and Attorney-General of Canada David Lametti makes no mention of sentencing reform, including mandatory minimums, or the over-representation of Indigenous people in Canadian prisons that was one of the objectives identified on the previous Justice Minister’s mandate letter. (Global News. Jan. 18, 2020).
On Feb. 11, 2017 the previous Justice Minister, Jody Wilson-Raybould announced that the work has already begun to eliminate many of the Criminal Code’s mandatory minimum sentences and is “dissecting every mandatory penalty on the books”. Three years later, nothing has happened
Significant Deletion on Federal Government response
Deleted reference to “comprehensive approach that includes legislative, program and policy measures” and refers instead to the ongoing government review of the criminal justice system.
Call to Action # 41
Appoint a public inquiry into MMIWG
May 26, 2020: CBC – Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations announced that government’s response to the MMIWG Final Report would not be released as expected in June. Citing the COVID-19 pandemic, she was unable to predict when the Action Plan could be expected.

Canada and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People

Call to Action # 43
Fully adopt and implement UNDRIP as the framework for reconciliation
June 21, 2019 – Bill C-292 “An Act to ensure that the laws of Canada are in harmony with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples” died in the Senate where the “unelected” Conservative senators scuttled a Bill passed by a House of Commons “elected” majority by a vote of 206 (Liberals, NDP, Green, Bloc Quebecois) to 79 (all conservatives).

Royal Proclamation and Covenant of Reconciliation

Call to Action # 46
Develop and sign a Covenant of Reconciliation to advance reconciliation
Nothing specific in federal government’s official response other than general statements in support of i, ii, and iv. iii – Bill C-262 An Act to harmonize laws with UNDRIP dies in the Senate. (See C2A # 43) Does not address v and vi at all. The Church Parties to the Settlement Agreement have made multiple commitments to items i. – iv. Federal government formally repudiates the Doctrine of Discovery and Terra Nullius in C2A # 47. No timeline identified for development of a Covenant of Reconciliation for signature.

Church Apologies and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 58
Apology from the pope to Catholic Church residential school survivors
The pope officially refused to apologize in a formal letter delivered by the president of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops on March 27, 2018. The federal government has pledged to continue working on this.

Missing Children and Burial Information

Call to Action # 71
Deliver residential school death records to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation
As of 2014, as stated in “Honoring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future, Summary of the Final report of the TRC (July 23, 2015) in addition to the office in British Columbia, vital statistics offices in Alberta, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon, and Nunavut had responded to the Commission’s request for records for the National Residential School Student Death Register.

National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 78
$10M funding for NCTR + $10M for communities for reconciliation
No commitment or response to request for $10M funding for community initiatives.


Call to Action # 80
Establish a statutory holiday, “National Day for Truth and Reconciliation
Bill C – 369 An Act to amend the Bills of Exchange Act, the Interpretation Act and the Canada Labour Code (National Day for Truth and Reconciliation) died in the Senate after the Conservatives stalled debate on any private member’s billsLiberals have not committed to re-introducing the Bill in the fall if they win the election. 

Sports and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 87
Provide public education to tell national stories of Indigenous athletes
Response only refers to the two most recent Indigenous inductees without referencing how the Tom Longboat Awards, launched to celebrate the outstanding contributions of Indigenous athletes to sports in Canada, can be leveraged to provide “public education”. Little detail at provincial, territory or sports organizational level.

Business and Reconciliation

Call to Action # 92
Adopt UNDRIP as a reconciliation framework to apply to policy and operations
Business Council of Canada, the Canadian Chamber of Commerce, Conference Board of Canada, Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships (CCPPP) and numerous business associations have all made recommendations or commitments aligned with C2A 92. Very little follow-up activity especially in response to the number of Indigenous protests across the country in relation to Free, Prior and Informed Consent, Duty to Consult, environmental impacts etc.

Newcomers to Canada

Call to Action # 93
Revise information kit for citizenship test to include Indigenous content
After almost two years, the federal government is still struggling to announce the completion of the revised Citizenship Guide. Federal Government announced on July 24, 2017 that they had developed a “draft” version of a new study guide for the citizenship exam integrating indigenous content based on discussions with the Assembly of First Nations, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and the Métis National Council, as well as Indigenous historians.
Call to Action # 94
Revise the Oath of Citizenship to include Indigenous content
Bill C-99 died on the order paper with the dissolution of Parliament and will have to be re-introduced in the fall by whichever party wins the election.
Call to Action Themes#Which specific Calls to Action have “Stalled”?
Legacy C2A172, 3, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, 30, 32, 41, 62
Reconciliation C2A1043, 46, 58, 71, 78, 80, 87, 92, 93, 94